UNFPA's first Country Programme aimed at addressing three key priority issues: (a) the dire lack of qualified maternal and child health and family planning (MCH/FP) personnel and the inadequate access to quality services; (b) the lack of a national population IEC strategy and the limited knowledge of population issues; and (c) the low contraceptive prevalence rate and the concomitant high fertility rate in the Maldives.

UNFPA worked to increase and improve human resources in the provision of family planning services, especially in training female community health workers and traditional birth attendants. A major goal was to extend family planning services to all 200 inhabited islands. UNFPA advocated to include population IEC campaigns in national radio programming and to incorporate population into the formal school system where it would reach many of the targeted adolescent girls. Among other things, information on AIDS prevention as well as on environmental and women's concerns was incorporated into all IEC activities. The first Country Programme also provided support for the formulation of a much needed population policy.